Derby Porcelain: André Planche and William Duesbury

1790 - 1820 (c.)

Image: Plan of the Town of Derby showing the silk mill and china works in the top right-hand portion of the map. Rev Daniel Lysons and Samuel Lysons, Magna Britannia, being a Concise Topographical Account of the Several Counties of Great Britain, Volume the Fifth containing Derbyshire, (London, T Cadell and W Davies, 1817)

Image from: Local Studies and History, Birmingham Central Library

Making porcelain at Derby began as early as the 1730s, but the start of the Derby factory is associated with the “china maker” André Planche (1727-1805), the son of a Huguenot immigrant. Planche established his first china workshop in 1748. Little is known about his life, but his artistic talent is to be seen in several figures and jugs which are preserved at Derby Museum and Art Gallery, and at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
In 1756, Planche entered into partnership with William Duesbury, (1725-1786), an enameller from Staffordshire, who became manager of the factory in Nottingham Road. Under his leadership the factory started to produce china of outstanding quality. Unlike other local establishments, the Derby factory made little tableware and almost entirely produced ornamental vases and figurines, which were strongly influenced by continental porcelain, mainly of Sèvres and Meissen. Duesbury even proudly claimed to have created at Derby a “second Meissen”. Special features of Derby porcelain were its intricate shapes, rich polychrome painting and sophisticated decoration, which would later be also enriched by generous gilding.
Being well aware of the competition, Duesbury purchased several potteries near London, including the famous Bow and Chelsea Works, and eventually closed them down. Craftsmen from Chelsea were brought to Derby.

In 1775, George III authorised the use of the crown in the factory mark. In 1890, Queen Victoria would confirm the prestige of the Derby factory by granting it the use of the Royal Arms and the title “Royal”.

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Donor ref: Q942.09

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2007-0Derby Porcelain in the 18th and early 19th centuries 2878-0Derby Porcelain: André Planche and William Duesbury 4599-0Derby Porcelain: William Duesbury II and Robert Bloor 4222-0Pastoral Group, c.1770 4239-0Candelabrum, c. 1755-60 4234-0The Four Quarters (Continents), c.1775 4220-0Tithe Pig Group, c.1765-70 4238-0The “Welsh” Tailor, c.1770 4240-0James Quin as Falstaff, c. 1825 4233-0Edmund Kean as Richard III, c.1815 4225-0Virgins Awakening Cupid, c.1780 4221-0Frill Vase and Cover, c.1760 4244-0Blue & White Table Centre in two parts, c.1760 4228-0Ice Pail, c.1796-1800 4229-0Pot-Pourri, c.1800-1810 4235-0William Pegg’s Thistle Dish, c.1800 4230-0Dish, c.1800 4236-0Dessert Plate, c.1813-1820 4223-0William Billingsley’s Prentice Plate, 1790-1795 4224-0Dessert Dish, c.1790 4237-0A Dessert Plate from the Trotter Service, c.1825 4245-0Dessert Plate (Imari) 4226-0Coffee Can, c.1793-4 4232-0Teapot, c.1795 4231-0Teapot, c.1795 4243-0Chocolate Mug with Cover, c.1800