Shenstone’s Influence

Image: Engraving of William Shenstone unrolling a scroll ‘Hints towards the Elements of

Taste’, held at the top by Athene, the Greek Goddess of Wisdom, known to the Romans as Minerva. They are presented in an idealised landscape with examples of classical architecture in the background. In the foreground, Shenstone is sitting under a tree. The engraving presents Shenstone as an arbiter of good taste.  From The Works in Verse and Prose of William Shenstone, Esq., Vol. II, Second Edition (London, J Dodsley, 1765), p 3.

While, as has been shown, Henrietta, Lady Luxborough frequently acted on detailed advice from Shenstone with regard to her house and grounds, there is some evidence that he contributed in greater or lesser degree to the designs of the properties of others of his local friends.   Stamford was one of these.   Graves notes, ‘the Earls of Stamford and Plymouth…did Mr. Shenstone the honour to consult him in the laying out their environs at Enville and Hewel-Grange’ (Graves, Recollection, pp.144-145).   Shenstone’s involvement in the improvements at Hewel Grange, at Tardebigge, is confirmed in letters between him and Luxborough during November, 1753.   Passing comments scattered through Shenstone’s Letters indicate that the benefits of his knowledge and taste are sought by, and given to, numbers of local friends.   For example: ‘Mr. Thomas Hall knew of my contrivance for the embellishment of Mr. Hardy’s house’ (1748, p.161);  ‘Mr. Davenport…is laying out his environs, and I am by appointment to go over’ (1753, p.366).  In 1757 he advises J.S. Hylton, a near neighbour, on a particular type of shrub: ‘Laurustinus is ye most desireable, on account of the Figure it makes in Winter’ (p.472).   In May, 1759, Shenstone wrote to one young friend, Edward Knight of Wolverley, near Kidderminster:

“I purpose … to take an ampler view of your late Improvements at Wolverley, yn my Leisure, when I was last there, permitted me to do. Mean while, I would have you correct ye Path … at ye upper Part of yr Pine Valley.   What think you of selecting a spot for a simple cottage or Menagerie?   And what think you of making a Place for Gold-fishes, somewhere in ye stream yt runs beside your Lower-walk.”

And Shenstone is happy to advise on subjects other than how to improve grounds and houses.  In 1760 he tells Knight,

“I really think it is in your power to make a considerable Figure in the Province of Architecture:  I would therefore wish you to pursue the study of it; whether as an agreeable Amusement, an ornamental accomplishment, or an useful Part of Knowledge.” 17

An instance of Shenstone’s interest in architecture was a ‘folly’ he had built in his grounds, his ‘ruinated Priory’, about which, however, he wrote that it: ‘makes a tenant’s house, that pays me tolerable poundage’ (Letters, p.483).

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1345-0William Shenstone, The Leasowes, and Landscape Gardening 1358-0Introduction: William Shenstone and the Leasowes 1828-0Shenstone’s Early Life 1350-0Shenstone, Poetry and Landscape 1353-0Shenstone, Rural Virtues and the Countryside 1824-0Shenstone and English Landscape Gardening 1360-0Shenstone and the Creation of the Natural Landscape 1361-0Shenstone, Landscape and Farming 1348-0Shenstone’s Embellishments to the Leasowes The Reputation of the LeasowesThe Reputation of the Leasowes 1364-0Appreciating the Landscape: Robert Dodsley and the Leasowes A “delightful Paradise”: The Leasowes CultA “delightful Paradise”: The Leasowes Cult “Beauty and Simplicity”: Descriptions of the Leasowes“Beauty and Simplicity”: Descriptions of the Leasowes Shenstone’s InfluenceShenstone’s Influence 1822-0Shenstone and the Locality ConclusionConclusion